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Hulishan Fortress

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Hulishan Fortress is a key national historical and cultural site. In August, 2000, it was listed into "the complete collection of Guinness World Records of the year 2000". The Fortress, built in the 20th year of the emperor Guangxu's reign (1894), has more than 100 years' of history both good and bad. The base of the fortress is made of the mixture of camphor tree sap, liquid brown sugar, glutinous rice, clay and sand forming a very solid base.

The fortress houses barracks, a secret tunnel, command tower, sentry platforms, ammunition depot a trench and castle. The rectangular castle is made of granite rocks and occupies an area of 13,000 square meters.

Xiamen had been a battlefield over centuries where Xiamen people resisted aggressors. It has played an important role in resisting foreign aggressors. The east and west emplacements had two main cannons (only one is left now) bought from the Krupp Company of Germany. The length of the cannon is 13.13 meters and it weights 50 tons. The caliber of the cannon is 280 mm and its maximum range of fire is 16,000 meters. The fortress displays more than 50 iron cannons from the Ming Dynasty and the Qing Dynasty which were found in the waters around Xiamen and on building sites in the area. The East and West emplacements are connected by a tunnel. There are military camps were at the exits of the tunnel. There is a trench outside which was used a defense and a patrolling path run around the inside. Dadan and Erdan Islands are visible through telescopes at the fort.

In recent years, the fortress yard has been renovated and large wall carvings "national soul" has been done depicting the course of warehousing weapons, reviving military forces and resisting enemies that attacked the fort. Behind the wall carvings is a small garden with evergreen grass. It has many sculptures and golden ball cactus.

A pavilion built on one of the highest places is blends with the natural with the surroundings and is a great place to rest or just look at the sights. Another scenic spot - Moonlight Rock has been opened in the north of the small garden and it features "dragon spring waterfalls", "a line sky", and "the poem wall of Hulishan fortress"