Fujian is situated in the southeast coast of China, neighboring Zhejiang in the northeast, Jiangxi in the northwest, Guangdong in the southwest and Taiwan across the sea in the east. It is one of provinces in China's mainland nearest to Southeastern Asia and the Pacific Ocean in terms of maritime transportation, and is also an important window and base for China's communication with the outside world.
Fujian is a mountainous area famous for the picturesque Wuyi Mountain, the fascinating Taimu Mountain, the Qingyuan Mountain and the Guanzhi Mountain. Sea scenes in this province are also noted and featured, such as Gulangyu Island and Meizhou Island. Quanzhou city used to be the starting point of Silk Road on the Sea. Fujian is not only famed for its magnificent mountains and sea, but also for its ancient architectures such as temples, towers, bridges and mud buildings and so on. There are many famous temples in this province: Kaiyuan Temple in south Fujian, Yongquan Temple, Guanghua Temple, Nanshan Temple, Qingjing Temple and Mazu Temple. The mud building in Yongding used for residence in ancient times is a wonder architecture field. In one word, Fujian is abundant with navigational cultures and religious relics.
The advange of climate and geographical condition makes Fujian an ideal place for producing tea, flowers and fruits. Fujian cuisine, typically represented by Fuzhou dish and Minnan dish, is one of the eight prestigious cuisines in the country. Among them, the superfine dishes include "Fotiaoqiang" and "Jitangyonghaibang".
Many ancient traditional cultures have been reserved in Fujian till today. "Glove Puppet Show" in Zhangzhou and "Marionette Play" in Quanzhou are well-preserved and still popular with the local people. Nanyin of Fujian is the oldest musical form in existence in China which is called "Native Accent" by oversea Chinese. Xiang Opera, Liyuan Opera, Gaojia Opera and Puxian Opera are traditional dramas of Fujian.
Fujian has a wide ocean area with a coastline of more than 3,300 kilometers and over1400 islands large and small as well as 22 bigger harbors. The sea area of Fujian is the transitional sea zone between East Sea and South Sea. It belongs to the shallow sea of subtropics continental shelf The ocean fishing area of the whole province reaches 125, 000 square kilometers, and it's the main fish-producing area in China.
The development of international tourist industry not only improves the reputation of Fujian, but also strengthens mutual understanding and friendship between Fujian and people in other countries, and the friendly intercourse with outside has been further enlarged. Since Fuzhou's first relationship as "friendly city" with Nagasaki in Japan since October, 1980, Fujian province, Fuzhou, Xiamen, Quanzhou, Zhangzhou have built friendly relationships with 23 states, provinces, counties and cities from 11 countries in the world. Among them, there are 6 pairs between provinces. They are Tasmania in Australia, Nagasaki in Japan, Oregon in the States, Liege in Belgium, Land Reihnland-Pfalz in Germany and Basse-Normandie in France, etc.
The Hometown for Overseas Chinese
Fujian is one of key hometown for overseas Chinese in china. As early as Qin and Han Period over 2000 years ago, people of Fujian went out to other countries. The number increased after Tang and Song dynasties. After Opium War in 1840, a large number of Fujian people were forced to go abroad to make a living. They traveled far away across the sea taking with them excellent Chinese culture and fine tradition of industriousness, bravery and thrifty. Then, they got along friendly with the local people generation after generation and made a living by hard-working. They made indelible contributions to the development and exploration of local economic, cultural course and defending the independence of local countries. At present, there are more than 8,800,000 Chinese of Fujian natives living overseas that include over90 countries and areas from five continents in the world, especially the Southeast Asian countries.
The three biggest religions in the world Buddhism, Christianity and Mohammedanism all possess profound foundations and influence in Fujian. The most influential one is Buddhism. The whole province has 142 key Buddhist temples, which is one of the provinces with most Buddhist temples in the world. Besides, there are also Iinduism, Manichaeism, Catholicism and Taoism in Fujian.
A large number of ancient traditional cultures have been well kept in Fujian, among which the most colorful is drama culture. Fujian is famous for puppet shows, in which the best are "Glove Puppet Show" in Zhangzhou and "Marionette Play" in Quanzhou. Nanyin of Fujian is the oldest musical form preserved in present China, which is called "Native Accent" by fellowcountrymen overseas. Xiang Opera, Liyuan Opera, Gaojia Opera and Puxian Opera are conventional dramas of Fujian.
Fujian is a province with multiple minorities. Besides Han people, there are 31 minorities such as She, Hui, Meng, Man and Gaoshan, etc. The main festivals include: the Spring Festival, the Lantern Festival, the Dragon Boat Festival and the Mid-autumn Festival. In addition, people of each minority have formed their own colorful customs in the long-time of life and working. The most featured are: the Dragon Boat Race in Dragon Boat Festival, garments of Huian girl, weddings of She minority, the custom of adoring the snakes and human and fish enjoying together, etc.
Short name: Min
Area: 120,000 square kilometers
Divisions: divided into nine municipalities, 46 counties, 14 cities and 24 districts
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