Hunan province is located in the south central part of Yangtze River .it is called Hunan because most of the areas lie in the south of the Dongting Lake. Meanwhile, it is named Xiang for short because Xiangjiang River flowing through the whole province north-south-ward. It is said that tremendous lotuses have planted in the reaches of Xiangjiang .The poet, Tanyong in Tang dynasty (618AD-907AD), once described it "The autumn breeze blows the vast lotuses across the whole land". So the country of lotuses is another name of Hunan province. Human is next to Jiangxi province in the east, bounded by Sichuan and Guizhou provinces in the west, and bordering the Guangdong and Guangxi provinces in the south, adjoining the Hubei province in the north. Hunan province has numerous lakes and rivers , 5,341 of which have the length of more than five kilometers with a total length of 90,000 kilometers and 17 of which have more than 5.000 square kilometers drainage areas. The main waters, Xiang, Zi, Ruan, and Li waters and their tributaries, wind its way to the Dongting Lake from the south to the north and pass through Chenglingji to Yangtze River. Therefore, it forms an almost complete Dongting Lake system. Xiangjiang River, one of the sevenths tributaries of Yangtze River, is the largest river of Hunan province. In addition, Dongting Lake is the largest lake of the Hunan province.
Hunan, a prominent base of the mineral products of China, is abundant in mineral resources. It is well-known as "the country of non-ferrous metal" and also famous for the country of non metal"
Hunan have numerous historical relics and places of interest such as Yueyang Tower, Dongting Lake, Yuelu Academy, Han Tombs of Mawangdui,Tianxin Pavilion, Orange Island, the Former Residence of Mao Zedong in Shaoshan Mountain (founder of the People's Republic China), the site of Democratic Academy,Qingshui Tang (Clearwater Pool) Revolutionary Memorial , the Site of Self-study University, the Site of the Meeting for Workers and Peasants Army In Liuyang Wenjia City. the Former Residence of Liu Shaoqi (the founder of the People's Republic of China), the Former Residence of Yang Kaihui (the wife of Mao Zedong and also the great forerunner of New Democratic Revolution), Lei Feng Memorial, Hengshan Mountain, and Zhangjiajie National Forest Park etc. Human province adopts the policy of religious freedom. Hunan people mostly believe in Buddhism .Especially in the countryside, those people worship the deities. The official language is mandarin and the characters are Chinese. The dialect of Hunan is often used in the folk exchange.
Area: over 210,000 square kilometers
Population: 63,000,000. The main ethnic minorities are Miao, Yao, and Tujia etc.
Provincial capital: Changsha city